Diabetes Awareness Day
Article Date: 20-06-2019
Most people know Diabetes as the condition surrounding blood sugar levels and unless you have it or know somebody who does that’s generally about as far as your knowledge of Diabetes goes. At Estio Healthcare, we recognised that June holds the week for Diabetes awareness and thought we’d talk a little more about it to give it the exposure it deserves in our working community.
So what is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a life affecting condition which affects the regulation of somebody’s blood sugar levels. There are two main types of diabetes, Type 1 and Type 2. There are also rarer forms of Diabetes which doesn’t get as much publicity as the other two.
About ten percent of people who have diabetes have ‘Type 1’ – it’s got nothing to do with lifestyle or eating habits, it’s a condition you’re born with and can be managed but not cured. With type one diabetes, your blood sugar levels are naturally too high and your body is unable to produce insulin to regulate the blood sugar levels. If you have Type 1 diabetes you’ll have insulin injected into your bloodstream or have a pump which delivers a constant supply of insulin to the body.
‘Type 2’ diabetes is a condition that develops over time in a person’s life, and though we don’t yet know the exact contributing factors that lead to a person getting Type 2 diabetes, being overweight and inactive seem to be noticeable correlations. Type 2 diabetes is the biggest form of diabetes, around ninety percent of people with diabetes develop Type 2.
Diabetes UK describe Type 2 diabetes best:
“When you have Type 2 diabetes, your body still breaks down carbohydrate from your food and drink and turns it into glucose. The pancreas responds to this by releasing insulin. But because this insulin can’t work properly, blood glucose (also called sugar) levels keep rising. So more insulin is released. For some people with Type 2 diabetes this can eventually tire the pancreas out, meaning their body makes less and less insulin. This causes even higher blood sugar levels.”
It’s not all doom and gloom though, Type 2 diabetes can potentially be reversed through healthy eating and regular physical activity. Eventually most people will still need medication to regulate their blood sugar but that’s with time.
As mentioned, there are other rarer types of diabetes, if you’d like to find out about them you can find more on Diabetes UK here, we’ll also list the names below:
- Maturity onset diabetes of the young (MODY)
- Neonatal diabetes
- Wolfram Syndrome
- Alström Syndrome
- Latent Autoimmune diabetes in Adults (LADA)